The fantastic array of beautiful mountain flowers found in the Drakensberg on The Cavern nature reserve is far too numerous to detail here. Suffice to say the diversity will enthral any keen botanist, from a dazzling sweep of blue Scilla natalensis to the flagrant display of Barleria monticola; the nodding daisies of Callilepsis laureola and the streamside beauty of Hesperantha coccinea. Within the shady forest patches of Streptocarpus spp. hug the mossy rocks and shy Disperis fanniniae peep from the leaf litter. A walk up the Amphitheatre or a drive to the Sentinel car park takes you to a world of Alpine flowers and rare Drakensberg endemics. A list of just some of the flowers, sedges, ferns and grasses found at The Cavern is given here to whet your appetite.

Next to each entry are the page numbers where this plant can be found in the field guide to “Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region” [WF] and/or the field guide to the flora of the Drakensberg and Lesotho “Mountain Flowers” [MF]. Both these field guides are by Elsa Pooley, and published by the Natal Flora Publications Trust.

WFMF
A. cooperi56
A. fontana110
A. microraphis10256
A. natalensis16080
A. perfoliatus440222
A. pinifolia110
A. pleiocephalus210100
A. pusilla80
A. schinzii6438
A. virgatus104
Acalypha punctata6438
Adhatoda andromeda20296
Afrotysonia glochidiata18086
Agapanthus campanulatus450228
Ajuga ophrydis470236
Albuca fastigiata9250
Alepidea amatymbica16080
Anemone fanninii13872
Anisotoma pedunculata582268
Anthospermum herbaceum556
Argyrolobium marginatum132
Aristea woodii454230
Asclepias cucullata416216
Ascolepis capensis8446
Asparagus asparagoides514250
Aster bakerianus440100
Athrixia angustissima216110
B. rhapontica336178
B. rosulata178
B. setifera336178
B. speciosa336178
Barleria monticola490240
Becium obovatum42688
Begonia sutherlandii6840
Berkheya multijuga336176
Buchnera simplex432220
Bulbine abyssinica224116
C. dracomontanum574264
C. katherinae530256
C. monticola532256
C. nigrescens574264
C. pottsii4232
C. setulosa14876
C. vaginata254128
Callilepsis laureola216112
Cephalaria oblongifolia20498
Cerastium arabidis13672
Cineraria dieterlenii320162
Cissampelos torulosa252
Clematis brachiata14074
Cliffortia nitidula278
Clutia hirsuta278
Commelina africana222116
Conostomium natalense492
Convolvulus farinosus176
Corycium alticola264
Crassula natalensis38674
Crinum bulbispermum348184
Crocosmia pearsii32
Cycnium racemosum432220
Cynoglossum austro-africanum236
D. fanniniae12268
D. purpurea218
D. rotundifolia90
Desmodium repandum60
Diascia integerrima428218
Diclis reptans19090
Dierama robustum188
Dietes iridoides11060
Dimorphotheca jucunda446226
Dipcadi marlothii510248
Disa fragrans366194
Disperis cardiophora520196
E. algida412212
E. drakensbergensis16282
E. evansii82
E. frigida82
E. humilis9854
E. kraussianum274134
E. salignum62
Erica aestiva410212
Eriosema distinctum6038
Eucomis bicolor9854
Euphorbia epicyparissias532256
F. muricata210102
F. petiolata102
Felicia filifolia442246
G. capitata292138
G. kraussiana292138
G. piloselloides220114
G. regalis9652
G. wakkerstroomianum15278
Galium capense144
Galtonia candicans9652
Geranium multisectum398206
Gerbera ambigua220114
Gnidia baurii292136
Graderia scabra430220
Gunnera perpensa578266
Guthriea capensis256
H. angustifolia232
H. appendiculatum82104
H. argentea234120
H. aureonitens310148
H. aureum312156
H. bellum108
H. chionosphaerum212106
H. coccinea (formerly Schizostylis coccinea)4230
H. confertum214104
H. evansii148
H. filiformis234120
H. herbaceum314154
H. hypoleucum314150
H. marginatum108
H. oreophilum316150
H. pallidum314154
H. pilosellum314154
H. sutherlandii214104
H. umbraculigerum316146
Haplocarpa scaposa332176
Harveya speciosa19696
Hebenstretia dura19494
Helichrysum acutatum310150
Heliophila rigidiuscula460234
Hesperantha baurii352186
Heteromma decurrens146
Hibiscus aethiopicus284134
Hoffmanseggia sandersonii388204
Hypericum aethiopicum290136
Hypoestes triflora436
Hypoxis acuminata232120
Jamesbrittenia pristisepala480238
K. thodei3024
Kniphofia breviflora9250
Kohautia amatymbica20298
L. leonurus7042
L. ovatifolia344180
L. preslii244
Ledebouria cooperi344180
Leonotis dubia7040
Lobelia flaccida496242
Lotononis lotononoides460234
M. huttonii236122
M. trifida236122
Momordica foetida80
Monopsis decipiens496244
Moraea brevistyla10860
Myosotis semiamplexicaulis236
N. rupicola220
Nemesia denticulata428
Nerine bowdenii346182
O. obliquifolia402208
O. smithiana402208
Ornithogalum graminifolium51256
Osteospermum thodei174
Oxalis depressa208
P. luridum400208
P. ohlendorfiana210
P. prunelloides492240
P. pyrifolia216226
P. rehmannii404
P. schlechteri40038
P. virgata406210
Papaver aculeatum5236
Pavonia columella408212
Pelargonium alchemilloides154206
Pentanisia angustifolia492
Peperomia retusa524254
Peucedanum caffrum296
Phygelius aequalis7242
Polygala gracilenta210
Polystachya ottoniana12470
Printzia nutans110
Protea dracomontana374276
Psammatropha mucronata528254
Pterygodium hastatum12470
Pycnostachys reticulata47288
R. multifidus252128
R. rigidus386202
Ranunculus baurii250128
Rhodohypoxis baurii35258
Rhus discolor534280
Riocreuxia torulosa17686
Romulea thodei186
Rubus ludwigii386202
Rumex woodii376200
S. bupleuroides322
S. deltoideus322164
S. discodregeanus498246
S. gerrardii552
S. glaberrimus322164
S. haygarthii322166
S. isatideus324166
S. kuntzei18288
S. nervosa9654
S. oxyriifolius328168
S. rhomboideus328168
S. tamoides328170
Satyrium longicauda11866
Scabiosa columbaria43898
Schizoglossum stenoglossum300142
Scilla natalensis452228
Sebaea natalensis298140
Secamone alpini172
Selago monticola19696
Senecio barbatus498246
Silene burchellii382200
Sium repandum296
Sopubia cana430220
Stachys aethiopica18286
Stephania abyssinica52
Stoebe vulgaris216110
Striga bilabiata432220
Syncolostemon macranthus426218
Thesium costatum13472
Trifolium burchellianum388204
Tritonia lineata238124
U. macrocentra9452
Urginea calcarata9452
Ursinia alpina174
V. natalensis496244
Valeriana capensis20498
Vernonia hirsuta498244
W. cuspidata494240
W. krebsii494242
Wahlenbergia appressifolia494240
Watsonia lepida360190
Xerophyta viscosa352184
Xysmalobium parviflorum544266
Z. albomaculata8646
Zaluzianskya microsiphon19292
Zantedeschia aethiopica8446
 
Sedges:
C. zuluensis568262
Carex austro-africana506248
Cyperus sphaerocephalus222116
 
Ferns:
A. aethiopicum296
A. monanthes296
A. rutifolium
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum296
Cheilanthes quadripinnata294
Cyathea dregei294
Dryopteris inaequalis298
Gleichenia umbraculifera294
Grammitis rigescens296
P. catoptera var. catoptera
Pleopeltis macrocarpa296
Polypodium polypodioides
Pteris cretica294
S. imbricata292
Selaginella caffrorum292
Thelypteris confluens

Further reading: Burrows, J.E. & S.M. (1990). “SA Ferns and Fern Allies“. Frandsen.

Grasses:

Alloteropsis semialata
Arundinella nepalensis
Cymbopogon validus
Digitaria tricholaenoides
Elionurus muticus
Eragrostis capensis
Harpochloa falx
Imperata cylindrica
Melinus nerviglumis
M. repens
Oplismenus hirtellus
Themeda triandra

Further reading: van Oudtshoorn F.P. (1992). “Guide to Grasses of South Africa “. Briza.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

 characters available