1. IDENTIFICATION OF THE PROPERTY
1.1 Country : Republic of South Africa
1.2 Province : KwaZulu-Natal
1.3 Name of property: Drakensberg Park alternatively known as uKhahlamba Park
The Drakensberg Park alternatively known as uKhahlamba Park (hereafter referred to as the "Park") is an inland mountain range in south-eastern Africa. The location of the Park within South Africa is given in Figure 1. The extreme western edge of the Park lies at 29? 45′ E and extends to 28? 52′ E, the northern border of the northern component area is located at 28? 38′ S and extends to 28? 46′ S, and the southern component area lies between 28? 55′ S and 29? 55′ S.
The Drakensberg Park is the nominated site and comprises a northern and much larger southern sections. The mountainous area situated between these two sections, known as the Mnweni area, is tribal land. The need to establish a conservation area in the Mweni region that would join the two sections of the Park has been recognised. This matter has been part of two planning programmes presently being undertaken (see sections 4.6.2 and 4.6.3). The programmes have also identified additional land that could become a possible future conservation area on privately owned land. If this land is acquired it would extend the Park further southward along the mountain escarpment.
1.5 Maps of the area proposed for inscription
Included with this submission (Appendix 1) is a set of 14 maps at a scale of 1:50 000 on which the boundaries of the nomination site, the Park and its core and buffer areas, have been demarcated. The Park is also indicated on a colour satellite photograph (Figure 2). The various protected areas that collectively constitute the nomination site are shown in Figure 3, principal features in Appendix 2, and place names referred to in this proposal in Figure 4.
1.6 Area of property and zonation
Table 1 lists the year of declaration and the extent of each component protected area that collectively comprise the Park. The total extent of the Park is 242 813 ha. The core and buffer areas have been demarcated on the set of 1:50 000 maps (Appendix 1), and the zonation for ecotourism use is shown in Figure 5.
Table 1. Component protected areas of the Drakensberg Park.
|Area Name||Year of Proclamation||Area (ha)|
|Cathederal Peak State Forest||1927||32 246|
|Cobham State Forest||1927||30 498|
|Garden Castle State Forest||1951||30 766|
|Giant’s Castle Game Reserve||1903||34 638|
|Highmoor State Forest||1951||28 151|
|Kamberg Nature Reserve||1951||2 980|
|Loteni Nature Reserve||1953||3 984|
|Mkomazi State Forest||1951||49 156|
|Monk’s Cowl State Forest||1927||20 379|
|Royal Natal National Park||1916||8 094|
|Rugged Glen Nature Reserve||1950||762|
|Vergelegen Nature Reserve||1967||1 159|
Large parts of the State Forest areas were subsequently proclaimed Wilderness Areas in terms of the Forest Act (Table 2)
Table 2. Proclaimed Wilderness Areas falling within the Drakensberg Park.
|Wilderness Area||Proclamation||Area (ha)|
|Mdedelo||G.N. 791 of 1973||27 000|
|Mkhomazi||G.N. 791 of 1973
G.N. 962 of 1989
|Mzimkulu||G.N. 1563 of 1979||28 340|
|Mlambonja||G.N. 961 of 1989||6 270|
In terms of the national system of classification of protected areas (which follows that of the IUCN) the Park presently comprises both the Wilderness Areas – Category I 48,5% (117 765 ha) and 51,5% (125 048 ha) national park and equivalent reserve – Category II. Other candidate wilderness areas on the Park are presently being evaluated and will be proclaimed.