CONTENTS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS i

CONTENTS ii

1. IDENTIFICATION OF THE PROPERTY

1.1 Country
1.2 Province
1.3 Name of Property
1.4 Location
1.5 Maps of the area proposed for inscription
1.6 Area of property and zonation

2. JUSTIFICATION FOR INSCRIPTION

2.1 Statement of Significance
2.2 Comparative analysis
2.3 Integrity
2.4 Criteria under which inscription is proposed including justification

2.4.1 Justification for the Drakensberg Park to be a Natural Property

  • 2.4.1.1 Natural Property Criterion 1
  • 2.4.1.2 Natural Property Criterion 2
  • 2.4.1.3 Natural Property Criterion 3
  • 2.4.1.4 Natural Property Criterion 4

2.4.2 Justification for the Drakensberg Park to be a Cultural Property

  • 2.4.2.1 Uniqueness of the Drakensberg as an art region
  • 2.4.2.2 Uniqueness of the Drakensberg rock art images
  • 2.4.2.3 The events, traditions and beliefs of the San people as depicted in the Drakensberg rock art
  • 2.4.2.4 The value and importance of the Drakensberg rock art

2.4.3 Justification for the Drakensberg Park to be a Cultural Landscape Property

3. DESCRIPTION

3.1 Description of the property

3.1.1 Physical formations and groups of outstanding universal value

(i) Climate
(ii) Geological formations
(iii) Geomorphology of the Drakensberg

3.1.2 Biological formations and groups of outstanding universal value

3.1.2.1 Biogeographic importance of the region
3.1.2.2 Flora
3.1.2.3 Fauna
3.1.2.4 Species of global conservation importance

3.1.3 Description and inventory of the Cultural Heritage of outstanding universal value
3.1.4 The San rock art of the Drakensberg

3.2 History and Development

3.2.1 History of the region
3.2.2 History of preservation/conservation

3.3 Form and date of most recent records of property
3.4 Present state of conservation
3.5 Policies and programmes: representation and promotion of the property

4. MANAGEMENT

4.1 Ownership
4.2 Legal status
4.3 Protective measures and means of implementing them

4.3.1 The KwaZulu-Natal Nature Conservation Management Act No. 9 of 1997 as amended
4.3.2 The National Forest Act No.84 of 1998
4.3.3 The Water Act No.36 of 1998
4.3.4 The Environment Conservation Act No.73 pf 1989 as amended
4.3.5 The National Monuments Act No.28 of 1969
4.3.6 The KwaZulu-Natal Heritage Act No.10 of 1997
4.3.7 National Environmental Management Act No.107 of 1998
4.3.8 White Paper on a National Environmental Policy for South Africa
4.3.9 White Paper on the conservation and sustainable use of South Africa’s biodiversity
4.3.10 Wetlands Bill
4.3.11 Policies for nature conservation in KwaZulu-Natal

4.4 Agency with management authority
4.5 Level at which management is exercised
4.6 Agreed plans related to the property

4.6.1 Regional planning initiatives
4.6.2 Drakensberg Special Case Area
4.6.3 The Drakensberg-Maloti Transfrontier Conservation and Development Area
4.6.4 Extended community conservation programme
4.6.5 Programmes for the rehabilitation of areas infested by alien plants

4.7 Sources and levels of financing
4.8 Sources of expertise and training
4.9 Visitor facilities and statistics
4.10 Property management plan and statement of objectives
4.11 Staffing levels

5. FACTORS AFFECTING THE PROPERTY

5.1 Development pressures
5.2 Environmental pressures
5.3 Natural disasters and preparedness
5.4 Visitor/tourism pressures
5.5 Number of inhabitants within the property and buffer zone
5.6 Other

6. MONITORING

6.1 Key indicators for measuring state of conservation
6.2 Administrative arrangements for monitoring the property
6.3 Results of previous reporting exercises

7. DOCUMENTATION

7.1 Photographs
7.2 Management plans
7.3 Bibliography
7.4 Address where inventories and records are held

REFERENCES

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1. Location of the Drakensberg Park/uKhahlamba Park
Figure 2. Zonation of Drakensberg Park/uKhahlamba Park
Figure 3. Component protected areas which comprise the Drakensberg Park/uKhahlamba Park
Figure 4. Location of place names referred to in the text of this nomination proposal.
Figure 5. Tourism land-use zonation of the Drakensberg Park.
Figure 6. Schematic representation of the upper Karoo sequence exposed in the Drakensberg escarpment
Figure 7. Profile of the Drakensberg and its plant communities.
Figure 8. San rock art sites in the central and southern Drakensberg.

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1. Component protected areas of the Drakensberg Park.
Table 2. Proclaimed Wilderness areas falling within the Drakensberg Park
Table 3. Known species richness in selected taxonomic groups.
Table 4. Number of species of international and national conservation importance.
Table 5. Number of endemic species for selected taxonomic groups.
Table 6. A comparison of the flora of the Drakensberg Park with surrounding regions.
Table 7. The ten largest families and genera and their percentage composition of the flora of the southern Drakensberg.
Table 8. Genera with five or more endemic plant species.
Table 9. Characteristics of the Drakensberg Alpine Region in relation to other southern African “hot spot” areas.
Table 10. The palaeogenic insects recorded for the Drakensberg Park
Table 11. Estimated population sizes of selected species of mammals found in the Drakensberg Park.

LIST OF SCHEDULES

Schedule 1. Checklist of plants.
Schedule 2. List of endemic plants
Schedule 3. List of threatened plants
Schedule 4. Checklist of earthworms.
Schedule 5. Checklist of millipedes.
Schedule 6. Checklist of centipedes.
Schedule 7. Checklist of Onychophora
Schedule 8. Checklist of crustaceans.
Schedule 9. Checklist of dragonflies and damselflies.
Schedule 10. Checklist of butterflies.
Schedule 11. Checklist of fruit and flower chafers.
Schedule 12. Checklist of lacewings.
Schedule 13. Checklist of net-winged midges.
Schedule 14. Checklist of crane flies.
Schedule 15. Checklist of dance flies.
Schedule 16. Checklist of hanging flies.
Schedule 17. Checklist of robber flies.
Schedule 18. Checklist of fish.
Schedule 19. Checklist of amphibians.
Schedule 20. Checklist of reptiles.
Schedule 21. Checklist of birds.
Schedule 22. List of endemic birds.
Schedule 23. Checklist of mammals.

LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendix 1. Set of maps of the nomination site.
Appendix 2. Set of maps showing the principal features of the Drakensberg Park.
Appendix 3. Description of the plant communities in the Drakensberg Park.
Appendix 4. Drakensberg Park bibliography.
Appendix 5. Management plan for the Drakensberg Park.
Appendix 6. Cultural resources management plan.
Appendix 7. The Giant’s Castle Declaration.
Appendix 8. Bushman Art of the Drakensberg: A guide to the art, mythology and culture of the Drakensberg Bushmen.
Appendix 9. The KwaZulu-Natal Drakensberg pictorial souvenir and guide.

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